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Guru Gobind Singh and Historic Events Of 1705

Anandpur, Chamkaur, Sirhind and Muktsar Martyrdom


The historical 1705 siege of Anandpur heralded unprecedented harassment of Sikhs. The flight from Anandpur resulted in a series of historic battles fought in Chamkaur and Muktsar and the tragic martyrdom of Tenth Guru Gobind Singhs's mother, his four sons at Sirhind, and the loss of many of his most valiant warriors, including the 40 liberated ones led by warrior princess Mai Bhago.

Siege of Anandpur

Artistic Interpretation of Sikh Warrior
Photo Art © [Courtesy Jedi Nights]
Responding to a call from Guru Gobind Singh, Sikh warriors and their families gathered in Anandpur during the latter part of 1704. Mughals joined by hill chiefs laid siege to the guru's troupes in 1705, cutting off food supplies and water for seven months. From late spring, all through the months of summer and fall and well into winter the Sikh's meager rations dwindled as they held off the enemy.

Flight From Anandpur

Lookout Window
Photo Art © [Jedi Nights]
Lured by false promises of safe passage made by treacherous Mugal Emperor Aurangzeb, the Sikhs of Anandpur made desperate by privation coupled with starvation sought permission from Guru Gobind Singh to leave the fortress. The guru's resolve to stand and fight could not be shaken, so the Sikhs turned to the guru's mother for help in persuading the guru to abandon Anandpur. As the Sikhs fled undercover of darkness and disbanded, the enemy pursed, and chaos ensued. Storms added an element which forced separation of the guru's family which ultimately resulted in tragedy.

Battle of Chamkaur and Martyrdom of Elder Sahibzade

One Against Many
Photo Art © [Courtesy Jedi Nights]

Pursued by Mughal forces, Guru Gobind Singh, his two elder sons, and 40 of his most devoted troupes, made a stand at a small fortress in Chamkaur. Surrounded by more than 100,000 enemy soldiers, the ferocious band of Khalsa warriors fought valiantly, selling their lives dearly. The guru's teenage sons begged to join their companions in martyrdom and rode out from the fort into the midst of their adversaries. Two surviving members of the original Panj Pyare convened with three others and ordered Guru Gobind Singh to escape and rally the Khalsa.

Historical Gurdwaras and Shrines of Chamkaur

Tenth Guru's Escape From Chamkaur

Three Survivors
Photo © [Courtesy Jedi Nights]
Guru Gobind Singh and his warriors devised a daring escape plan that threw the enemy into turmoil. Constantly on the lookout for soldiers, the survivors traversed the wild rough country searching for friendly faces and safe shelter.

Martyrdom of Mata Gujri and Younger Sahibzade

Artistic Impression of Guru Gobind Singh's Younger Sons
Photo © [Angel Originals]
Guru Gobind Singh's mother and two younger sons took shelter with a former household member who stole their valuables and betrayed them to the enemy. Mughals captured and imprisoned Mata Gujri and the young sahibzade in Sirhind, where the children face cruel harassment and forced conversion. When the boys refused to embrace Islam, their captors bricked them up alive.

Letters From Guru Gobind Singh To Aurangzeb

Zafar Nama
Photo © [S Khalsa]
Guru Gobind Singh sent letters of reprimand to Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb following the death of his four sons and mother. His warriors risked their lives while disguising themselves to deliver his compositions Fateh Nama and Zafar Nama.

Guru Gobind Singh in Lakhi Jungle

Burning Blue Clothing Scraps
Artistic Impression © [Courtesy Jedi Nights]
Guru Gobind Singh scoured the country rallying the Sikhs and raising support for his mission to break Mughal tyranny. The Guru tore the clothes from his back, ripped them to shreds and burnt the pieces vowing to destroy the Mughal Empire. Overwhelmed by the outpouring of his Sikhs sympathies and support, the Guru wrote a verse praising their eagerness in Lakhi Jungle.

Battle of Muktsar Mai Bhago and 40 Liberated Ones

Photo Art © [Courtesy Jedi Nights]
Mai Bhago rallied Singhs who had signed disclaimers refuting Guru Gobind Singh as their guru in order to procure safe passage and returned to their homes and families. She mustered an army and joined Guru Gobind Singh at a reservoir, where together they engaged Mughal forces. The Khalsa army sustained heavy losses. Of her troupes, only a the badly wounded Bhag Kaur survived. Guru Gobind Singh redeemed his martyred warriors, tearing up their papers denouncing him, and ensuring their safe passage into the next world. The fallen warriors are remembered as Chali Mukte, the 40 liberated ones.

1705 Key Historical Figures

Historic Figures
Photo Art © [Courtesy Jedi Nights]


Capture of Sahibzadey
Photo Art © [Courtesy Vismaad]
Test your knowledge of various related topics. Quizzes featuring the historic events of 1705 include:

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