Smagam means union, close association, or fellowship.
In Sikhism, a smagam is a kind of fellowship camp-meeting which often takes place over several days. A smagam may coincide with commemorative Sikh holidays such as a gurpurab, or nagar kirtan parade, or held when convenient during other national or secular holidays. The smagam may take place in gurdwaras or private homes. A smagam has several main components:
- Akhand Paath - The smagam starts with an unbroken 48 hour complete reading of Guru Granth Sahib, Sikhism's holy scripture.
- Amritvela - The smagam includes an early morning naam-simran program.
- Kirtan - The smagam revolves around morning and evening kirtan programs arrange to accommodate work schedules:
- Asa di Var Kirtan - Early morning kirtan begins at day break involves "Asa di Var", a selection of 24 hymns each having 3-4 verses, with related hymns sung in between and may last up to five hours.
- Amrit Kirtan - Early evening kirtan involves hymms sung from "Amrit Kirtan" hymnal lasting two to three hours in duration, ending usually by 9 pm.
- Rain Sabaee Kirtan - All night kirtan, the grand finale usually begins about 7 pm and goes on at least until midnight and often until amritvela, or daybreak.
- Amrit Sanchar - Sikh baptism ceremony of initiation, is held the afternoon or evening of the Rain Sabaee kirtan.
- Langar - food from the guru's free kitchen prepared with prayer and meditation, is served morning and evening during or following kirtan.
"Ek palak sukh saadh samaagam kott baikunttheh paanae ||1|| rehaao ||
One enjoying peaceful pleasure in the fellowship of spiritual companions, for even an instant, is blessed to obtain millions of heavenly paradises. ||1||Pause|| SGGS||1208