Question 1 - Prakash 2012:
When is Guru Nanak Dev Ji's Prakash 2012 Nanakshahi 543 / 544?
Guru Nanak Dev is the founder of Sikhism. His birthday prakash is an important gurpurab commemorative event in Sikhism observed with a Sikh worship service which includes kirtan, the singing of divine hymns. In his birthplace Nankana, Pakistan, Guru Nanak Dev's birthday gurpurab is celebrated over several days with rainsabaee or all night kirtan and a nagar kirtan parade.
What is the date of Guru Nanak's birthday prakash 2012?
Answer 1 - Prakash 2012:
Ancient records indicate Guru Nanak Dev Ji's birth took place the 3rd day of the waxing moon, or Sudi 3, month of Vaisakh, Vikram Samvat (SV) year 1526 of the Indian calendar or March 14, 1469 of the Julian calendar. When converted to the modern day Gregorian calendar, Guru Nanak Dev Ji's birth prakash occurred *April 14, 1469 A.D. and this is the historic date attributed to his birth on the Nanakshahi Sikh calendar. However due to a number of circumstances involving legendary fanciful tales, competing holidays, choosing a date by random pick, and astrological influences, Guru Nanak Dev Ji's birthday is celebrated officially at pooran mashi, or during full moon in late fall.
In year 544 of the Nanakshahi Sikhism calendar, Guru Nanak Dev Ji's birthday prakash gurpurab is observed on pooran mashi, **November, 28 2012.
Question 2 - Guru Gadee Divas 2012:
When is Guru Nanak Dev Ji's Guru Gadee Divas 2012 Nanakshahi 543 / 544?
In Sikhism, the inaugural commemoration of the guru is known as guru gadee divas, meaning the "day of divine enthronement" and refers to the guru being infused by Nanak jot the singular spiritual illumination and radiance of the divine enlightener.
What is the date of Guru Nanak Dev Ji's inauguration gurpurab commemoration 2012 Nanakshahi 543 / 544?
Answer 2 - Guru Gadee Divas 2012:
Question 3 - Joti Jot 2012:
When is Guru Nanak Dev Ji's Joti Jot 2012 Nanakshahi 543 / 544?Guru Nanak's death is known to Sikhs as joti jot, or "light merging into light".
When did Guru Nanak Dev Ji's death occur and how is it commemorated in Sikhism? What is the date of Guru Nanak Dev Ji's joti jot gurpurab commemoration in 2012 Nanakshahi 543 / 544?
Answer 3 - Joti Jot 2012:
Guru Nanak Dev Ji's death is believed to have occurred at Kartarpur, (located in modern day Pakistan). the 10th day of the waxing moon in the month of Assu, 1595 SV of the Hindu Calendar, or September 7, 1539 Julian Calendar which is September 22, of the Sikhism Nanakshahi Calendar.
Legend has it that when his end was apparent that Muslims and Hindus both claimed Guru Nanak as one of their prophets and wanted to bury him according to their beliefs. Guru Nanak Dev was consulted and requested that both parties bring flowers and that Hindus place them to his right and Muslims place them to his left and after the night had passed whose ever flowers were found to remain fresh should have the honor of disposing of his remains. Guru Nanak requested the prayers of Sohila and Japji Sahib be uttered and then arranged a sheet over his body and infused his spiritual light into his successor Guru Angad Dev. In the morning when the sheet was lifted, no sign of the Guru Nanak Dev Ji's remains could be found, The flowers left by both Hindus and Muslims remained fresh. Two shrines were erected side by side in Kartarpur on the banks of the River Ravi, one built by Sikhs and the other by Muslims. Both been washed away twice by flooding over the centuries.
In modern times a gurdwara and two small marble smadhs commemorate the spot. The gurdwara was renovated in 1999 for the return of Sikh pilgrims who allowed to visit after 50 years of partition in celebration of Guru Nanak Dev Ji's 530th birthday.
According to the Nanakshahi calendar Guru Nanak Dev Ji's joti jot is commemorated on September 22, 2012. Guru Nanak is considered by Sikhs only to have departed his body. His illuminated spirit is believed to be immortal and to have passed on through each of the succeeding gurus, and reside forever with Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism as the eternal guide to enlightenment.
Important 2012 Sikhism Commemorative Events and Gurpurab Dates:
The 2012 (Nanakshahi Year 543 / 544) Sikhism gurpurab holiday calendar is based on Nanakshahi Calendar conversions and marked with commemorative dates from Sikh History. The free Sikhism events calendar 2012 features Gurbani quotes and exquisite photographs of the Golden Temple.
Gurpurab dates commemorate important events in the lives the ten gurus. Gurpurab dates may be observed as a festive or solemn occasion as historic events warrant. Many gurpurab dates are fixed, however some which correspond to festivals tied to the Indian astrological calendar and are observed on different dates each year.
Other important Sikh holidays correspond to a revolving calendar and change every year including:
- Hola Mohalla
- Nanakshahi New Year
- Vaisakhi Day
- Annual NYC Sikh Day Parade Manhattan
- Guru Gadee Guru Granth Sahib
- Yuba City Annual Sikh Parade
*Because of ongoing controversy and amendments to the Nanakshahi calendar correlating with the ever fluctuating Indian calendar based on astrological predictions and lunar influences, 2012 dating for Nanakshahi year 544 corresponds to Nanakshahi fixed dates meant to align with the modern day Gregorian calendar in use in America and other Western countries.
**As of this writing Nanakshahi 544 calendars have not yet been released. Ongoing controversies may affect the dating of 2012 pooran mashi gurpurab celebrations. Check back after Nanakshahi New Year, March 14, 2012 for updates.