Question 1 - Prakash 2012:
When is Guru Teg Bahadar Ji's Prakash 2012 Nanakshahi 543 / 544?
Guru Teg Bahadar is best known for willingly sacrificing his life on behalf of Hindus who asked for his help when facing forced conversion to Islam.
What is the date of Guru Teg Bahadar Ji's birthday prakash 2012?
Answer 1 - Prakash 2012:
Guru Teg Bahadar was born on the fifth day of the waning moon, in the month of Vaisakhk, 1678 of the Vikram Samvat (SV) calendar which corresponds to April 1, 1621 of the Julian calendar. When converted to the Gregorian and Nanakshahi calendar, Guru Teg Bahadar's birth or prakash took place on Wednesday, April 18, 1621 A.D.
In year 544 of the *Nanakshahi Sikhism calendar, Guru Teg Bahadar Ji's birthday gurpurab is calculated to be observed on **April 18, 2012.
Question 2 - Guru Gadee Divas 2012:
When is Guru Teg Bahadar Ji's Guru Gadee Divas 2012 Nanakshahi 543 / 544?
In Sikhism, the inaugural commemoration of the guru is known as guru gadee divas, meaning the "day of divine enthronement" and refers to the guru being infused by Nanak jot the singular spiritual illumination and radiance of the divine enlightener.
An inaugural gurpurab ceremony is customarily observed with a worship service and singing of hymns.
What is the date of Guru Teg Bahadar Ji's inauguration gurpurab commemoration 2012 Nanakshahi 543 / 544?
Answer 2 - Guru Gadee Divas 2012:
Guru Teg Bahadar succeeded Eighth Guru Har Krishan on Saturday, the 14th day of the waxing moon in the month of Chet year 1721 SV, or March 30, 1664, of the Julian Calendar and April 16, 1661 A.D. of the Nanakshahi calendar.
Guru Har Krishan indicated his successor would be found in Bakala and sent an inaugural delegation to Bakala with an offering of copper coins and a coconut. Baba Gur Ditta, son of Baba Buddha anointed Ninth Guru Teg Bahadur on August 1, 1664. Meanwhile 22 imposters set themselves up as Guru. Makan Shah arrived October 9, 1664 and exposed and routed out the imposters from Bakala proclaiming Guru Teg Bahadur the "True Guru" once and for all.
In Nanakshahi year 544 Guru Teg Bahadar Ji's inauguration gurpurab is commemorated on April 16, 2012.
Question 3 - Joti Jot 2012:
When is Guru Teg Bahadar Ji's Joti Jot 2012 Nanakshahi 543 / 544?
Guru Teg Bahadar Ji's death is known to Sikhs as joti jot, or "light merging into light".
When did Guru Teg Bahadar Ji's death occur and how is it commemorated in Sikhism? What is the date of Guru Teg Bahadar Ji's joti jot gurpurab commemoration in 2012 Nanakshahi 543 / 544?
Answer 3 - Joti Jot 2012:
Guru Teg Bahadar left his earthy body when beheaded by order of Emperor Aurangzeb. Following the torture and martyrdom of three disciples, Mati Das, Sati Das and Dayal Das, Guru Teg Bahadar ji's execution took place on Thursday, the fifth day of the waxing moon, Sudi in the month of Maghar, 1732 SV, or November 11, 1675 C.E. (Common Era), and November 24, 1675 A.D. according to the Nanakshahi calendar.
According to the Nanakshahi calendar year 544, Guru Teg Bahadar Ji's martyrdom is commemorated on November 24, 2012.
Important Sikhism Commemorative Events 2012:
The 2012 (Nanakshahi Year 543 / 544) Sikhism gurpurab holiday calendar is based on Nanakshahi Calendar conversions and marked with commemorative dates from Sikh History. The free Sikhism events calendar 2012 features Gurbani quotes and exquisite photographs of the Golden Temple.
Gurpurab dates commemorate important events in the lives the ten gurus. Gurpurab dates may be observed as a festive or solemn occasion as historic events warrant. Many gurpurab dates are fixed, however some which correspond to festivals tied to the Indian astrological calendar and are observed on different dates each year.
Other important Sikh holidays correspond to a revolving calendar and change every year including:
- Hola Mohalla
- Nanakshahi New Year
- Vaisakhi Day
- Annual NYC Sikh Day Parade Manhattan
- Guru Gadee Guru Granth Sahib
- Yuba City Annual Sikh Parade
*Ongoing controversial amendments of the Nanakshahi calendar correlate with the ever fluctuating Indian calendar based on astrological predictions and lunar influences. Dating for 2012 Nanakshahi year 544 corresponds with the modern day Gregorian calendar in use in America and other Western countries.
**As of this writing Nanakshahi 544 calenders have not yet been released. Ongoing controversies may affect the dating of 2012 gurpurab celebrations. Check back after Nanakshahi New Year, March 14, 2012 for updates.