Bana is a word which means vocation, or calling, and refers to traditional Sikh spiritual attire worn by a man, or woman, whose calling is Sikhism. Full Bana includes:
- Five articles of faith.
- Modest attire such as a loose knee length top with long sleeves and a full drawstring trouser, or the traditional multi-paneled skirt of the chola
- Blue - considered a Khalsa color worn by Sikh warriors of old.
- White - considered the color of one who renounces worldly ways.
- Saffron / Orange - a color representative of showing devoted allegiance.
- Black - a neutral color for a turban which goes with everything.
Some Sikhs feel that color choices are reminiscent of Harmandir, the Golden Temple:
- White represents its marble walls.
- Saffron is suggestive of its golden domes.
- Blue is symbolic of the water in the surrounding tank.
- Black signifies the death of martyrs.
The tradition Sikh spiritual attire and of the turban as bana is reflected in the words of Guru Arjan:
"Mai gur mil ouch dumaalarraa||
I met with the Guru, and I have tied a tall, plumed turban." SGGS||73