1. Religion & Spirituality
Send to a Friend via Email
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

Discuss in my forum

Mata Sahib Kaur (1681 - 1747)


Five beloved Panj Pyari women are the legacy of Mata Sahib Kaur Mother of the Khalsa.

Five beloved Panj Pyari women are the legacy of Mata Sahib Kaur Mother of the Khalsa.

Photo © [Khalsa Panth]


Mata Sahib Kaur was born November 1, 1681 A.D. in Rohtas of Punjab, the present day Jehlam of Pakistan. Named Sahib Devi or Devan at birth, she was the daughter of Sikh parents Mata Jasdevi and Bhai Ramu Bassi.

Proposed Bride:

A convoy of Sikhs journeyed from North Punjab to make offerings to Guru Gobind Singh. One very devoted Sikh, Bhai Ramu brought his daughter in a covered palanquin to offer as a bride to the Guru. The Guru refused the girl saying that he had no interest in marriage as he already had four sons. The girl's father pressed him saying he had broadcast the news that she was promised to the Guru and people had begun calling her Mata (or mother). Bhai Ramu told the Guru if he refused his daughter, her reputation would be ruined, she would be no longer be marriageable and it would be considered a grave sin on her parents part.

Marriage to Tenth Guru:

Compassion moved Guru Gobind Singh to honor the girl and accede to her father's wishes. The Guru agreed to accept Sahib Devi into his household where she might remain under his protection and serve him if she would be willing for their relationship to be of a spiritual, rather than a carnal, nature. Sahib Devi agreed, and marriage rites were preformed on the 18th day of Vaisakh in the Samvant year of 1757, or 1701 A.D. when she was about 19 years of age. Sahib Devi took up residence in the apartments of the Guru's mother, Mata Gujri.

Did Guru Gobind Singh Have More Than One Wife?

Mother of the Khalsa:

Although Sahib Devi had agreed to the arrangement between herself and the Guru, as time passed she longed to become a mother. Refusing food until Guru Gobind Singh came to see her, she ardently expressed her desire for children. The Guru very kindly told her, though he could give her no earthly children, that if she accepted initiation into the order of Khalsa she might become the mother of an entire spiritual nation and beget countless children. Sahib Devi drank the nectar of immortality in the Amrit initiation ceremony took rebirth as Mata Sahib Kaur, and became forever immortalized as the mother of the Khalsa Nation.


Mata Sahib Kaur attended Guru Gobind Singh accompanying him even when he went into battle and served him for the rest of his life. She was with Guru Gobind Singh in Nanded (Nander) when he left his mortal body on October 7, 1708 A.D. Bhai Mani escorted Mata Sahib Kaur to Delhi to join the Guru's widow, Mata Sundri. Mata Sahib Kaur spent the remainder of her mortal life in service of the Khalsa Panth (nation). Eight edicts she decreed helped to shape the Khalsa Panth. Mata Sahib Kaur lived to be 66 years of age before her death in 1747 A.D. Her funeral cremation took place in Delhi, India, where a memorial stands in her honor.

Important Dates and Corresponding Events:

  • Birth: Rohtas – November 1, 1681 A.D. Sahib Devi is born to Jasdevi and Ramu Bassi.
  • Marriage: Patna – Vaisakh 18, 1757 S.V. (April, 1701 A.D.) Sahib Devi weds Guru Gobind Singh as his spiritual consort.
  • Motherhood: Anandpur – In the Amrit initiation ceremony Sahib Devi is reborn into the Khalsa order, and forever after honored as Mata Sahib Kaur Khalsa, mother of the Khalsa Nation.
  • Widowed: Nander - October 7, 1708 A.D.
  • Death: Delhi – 1747 A.D

(Sikhism.About.com is part of the About Group. For reprint requests be sure to mention if you are a non-profit organization or school.)

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.