The dictionary definition of gatka is a wooden sword used for sparing and training in fencing. In Sikhism, Gatka refers to sword dancing, and is a battle technique of the Nihang warrior which dates back to the 16th century martial period of Sikh history.
Gatka entails a series of maneuvers involving a pattern of foot work combined with offensive and defensive thrust and parry motions using the gatka stick or other weapon. In modern Sikhism, Gatka has been preserved as a martial sport. Training may be carried out individually or with a partner. Opponents may spar with wooden sticks, or fence with actual swords. Students are trained by a Gatka martial arts master. Gatka troupes put on demonstrations during Sikh holiday parades especially during the martial festival of Hola Mohalla.
- Chakar - circular steel throwing ring or woven spinning net.
- Chain - whirling chain with stick or ball at ends.
- Dhal - had held shield
- Gatka sticks - wooden rods or bamboo dong.
- Kartar - hand weapon.
- Khanda - double edge blade.
- Kirpan - short sword (Sikh article of faith).
- Mace - ball with iron spikes.
- Talwar - sabers and swords of all types.
- Theer - bow and arrow or spear.